When we take the counseling story, we want to divide the material into two parts, secular and Christian.
secular. The story of the adviser originated, first in religion, later in philosophy and later in medicine. Religion and philosophy ask many of the same questions: "Where did I come from? Where do I go? Why am I here?" Medicine, on the other hand, asks the question "Are you insured with a guarantee?" From time to time, community members will suffer from the metabolism of life. At such times, they would seek help from their priest, wise man or witchcraft. Often all three offices were found in one person. Typically, the problems they faced were two types; worry about the loss of love, or guilt that relates to the problem of wrong behavior, sometimes called sin.
There were other problems, of course, from love illness, anxiety, madness. Such an unusual problem called for unusual solutions. Love's love had sad and anxious elixes and advice, but brothers were often considered the gods touched and if they were not honored they were badly driven out of society. Hannibal, Alexander and Emperor with their epilepsy are examples of the former, but King David (1 Samuel 21: 10-15) and the guitar of Gadara (Luke 8: 26-39) are examples later.
This was the order of things for millennia. But as big and religious residents changed, madness began to look with less tolerance. Over time, "clean houses" came to deal with impatience and fear of society with such people.
At the moment psychiatry and psychology began to get acquainted with their presence. Both originated in the 19th century Europe. However, psychology was much more product of science than mental. However, both European humanity foundations became Europe's cold gospel and, consequently, far beyond the ink of Orthodox Christianity.
Christian. Kristin Consulting has been part of the ministry's ministry from the origin of the Church. "From the apostolic times, counseling has taken place in the Church as the normal role of common spiritual life." Paul made it clear that he considers God's family gifted to counsel each other when needed forever. He said, "I am convinced, my brothers, that you are full of goodness, perfect in knowledge and able to guide each other" (Romans 15:14).
As with the help of the Gentiles, Christianity also addressed the problem of sorrow and sin, though with different advice on how to deal with these problems.
The transformation, and later the Puritan movement in England and America, yielded a significant sense of Christianity to the Bible's power as the only source of "life and godliness." What is especially characterized by the puritans was the practical application of the word to life's problems. In this sense, Christian counsel began to accept a new meaning. A number of works are prominent as special representatives of this flow of precious counselors of the Church. They are Richard Baxter's Christian Directory, Thomas Brooks's precious doctor against Satan's equipment, Jonathan Edward's Covenant of Religion, and Pastor Pastor Ihabod Spencer & # 39; s Sketches. Much of these publications is what we can call "parables" in style.
Nevertheless, the message of the Church became dark and the time created by a church with few answers was covered by creative minds with humanity conviction. Preferably among these crowds was Sigmund Freud a doctor from Vienna, Austria. Not simply working from non-Christian, but actually anti-Christian reasons, freud apostles humanity without sin, helpless parents' parents & # 39; mistakes. For homes that are struggling to free themselves from theological bondage Reformed theology that made mankind fully responsible for moral mistakes did not seem to be acceptable allegations of new psychologists and psychiatrists. Europe and America in the 19th and 20th centuries begin to answer questions about life expectancy of life.
Christian ministers began to become aware that they no longer responded to living standards as they once were. Indeed, there was no consensus that Christianity did not answer these new problems. Not only did the humanitarians believe this; Christians came to keep the same position. The Savior in the Church took this serious problem of living Christians, either by "postponing and referring" to "those who are well trained to deal with real problems" (psychologists or psychiatrists) or by receiving psychological training as would equip them for this task. Conservatives saw the problem of lack of commitment, Bible study, prayer, and credible involvement of all church instruments. In other words, they denied their existence.
In the new generation of evangelical race, produced by Bruce Narramore, he introduced a choice to prevent freedom and, on the one hand, denial of fundamentalism on the other. Their response was "crystallization" in psychiatry and psychology. Their rallying cry was "the whole truth is the truth of God." With this tape held high, they boldly ate the sideways nervousness, impressed brands from the weight of weight. Orthodox Christians flocked to read new books that align right-wing Christianity and humanism psychology and psychiatry.
This solution reached the imagination of the Church; It continues to do it to this day. However, there was a new approach at the beginning of 70 years by Professor of Practical Theology at Westminster Theological Seminary, Dr. Jay E. Adams. In response to the duties he gave to teach Westminster counselors, he developed a counseling approach he called counseling advice. In essence, he claims that in writing, Christ has all that he needs for "life and godliness." The problem with the church, he said, was that it would not have made the scriptures useful with proper explanation and effectiveness for useful applications of life's problems.
His publication began a quiet, slow-growing, breakthrough in many conservative / orthodox churches. It is this again in the Bible that has led Christianity to a full circle in the application of the scripture to the practical and difficult problems of life.