The term "health insurance" is commonly used in the United States to describe all programs that help to cover medical expenses, whether private, social or social insurance plans that are not insured. Synonyms for this use are "health," "healthcare," and "health benefits" and "health insurance." In the technical sense, the term is used to describe any kind of guarantee that provides protection against injury or illness.
In the United States, the Health Insurance Agency has changed rapidly in recent decades. Most of the 1970s who had health insurance had insurance coverage. Non-life insurance is often called fee-forservice. It is a traditional health insurance where your doctor (usually a physician or hospital) pays a fee for each service provided to the patient under the policy. An important category related to liability is CDHC. Consumer-based health plans allow individuals and families to have more control over their healthcare, including when and how they access care, what types of care they receive and how much they spend on healthcare.
These plans, however, relate to higher deductions that the insured has to pay from his pocket before they can claim collateral charges. Healthcare Conservation Programs include Health Assistance (HRA), Flexible Expenditure (FSAs), HDHps, Archer Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs) and Health Accounts (HSAs). Of these, the health bills are the latest and they have grown sharply in the last decade.
WHAT IS HEALTH CARE ACCOUNT?
Health Savings Account (HSA) is a liability-based medical card for taxpayers in the United States. The funds contributing to the account are not subject to a sharing tax at the time the deposit is made. This can be used to pay for reasonable medical costs at any time without federal tax.
Another feature is that the funds that contribute to the health protection bill roll over and accumulate annually if they are not deleted. This can be revoked by employees at the time of retirement without taxable debts. Appraisals for adequate expenses and interest income are also not subject to Community tax revenue. According to the United States Treasury, health insurance is an option for traditional health insurance; There is a saving that offers another way for consumers to pay for their healthcare.
HSA allows you to pay for current healthcare costs and save for future health and retirement benefits tax-free. & # 39; Thus, the savings account is attempting to increase the efficiency of the US healthcare system and encourage people to be more responsible and prudent in terms of their healthcare needs. It falls under the category of consumer-approved health care plans.
Source of Health Savings Bank
The Health Bill was established under the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act, adopted by the US Parliament in June 2003, by the Senate in July 2003, and signed by President Bush on December 8, 2003.
The following individuals are entitled to access a healthcare account –
– Those who are covered by a high health deduction plan (HDHP).
– They are not covered by other health insurance plans.
– They were not registered in Medicare4.
There are also no income limits on who can contribute to sanitation and there is no need to earn income to promote sanitation. However, horses can not be set up for those who are subject to someone else's tax return. Also, HSA can not be self-contained by children.
What is a high health deduction plan (HDHP)?
Enrollment in a high health care deduction plan (HDHP) is an essential qualification for those wishing to access a healthcare account. In fact, HDHP received a boost from the Medicare Modernization Act that introduced HSAs. A high deductible health plan is a health insurance fund with a certain deductible threshold. Limit these limits before the insured can claim insurance charges. It does not cover health insurance for the first dollar. Thus, an individual must initially pay the cost called cost.
In many HDHP, the cost of immunization and preventive healthcare is excluded from deductible, which means that an individual is reimbursed for them. HDHP can be taken by both individuals (self-employed and employed) and employers. In 2008, HDHPs are offered by American insurance companies with deductions ranging from at least $ 1,100 for self and $ 2,200 for self and family insurance. The maximum amount for HDHP is $ 5,600 for self and $ 11,200 for self and family check-in. These deductible limits are called IRS limits as they are set by the income tax institute. In HDHPs, the relationship between the deduction and the premium paid by the insured, vice versa persists, ie. higher deductible, lower the premium and vice versa. The main benefit of HDHPs is that they will: a) lower healthcare costs by causing patients to be more aware and b) making insurance rates affordable for unsecured. Logic is that when patients are fully covered (ie have health plans with low deduction benefits), they tend to be less aware of health and also less aware when they are in treatment.
Opening of a savings bank
An individual can sign up for HSAs with banks, credit unions, insurance companies and other approved companies. However, not all insurance companies offer HSAqualified health insurance plans, so it is important to use an insurance company that offers this type of eligible insurance plan. Employers can also set up a plan for employees. However, the account is always owned by the individual. Online registration for HSA-qualified health insurance is available in all states except Hawaii, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington.
Health Account Contributions
Contributions to HSAs can be made by an individual who is in the account, by an employer or someone else. When the employer does, the contribution is not included in the employee's income. When done by an employee, it is treated as exempt from federal tax. For 2008, the maximum amount can be submitted to and from HSA from all sources:
$ 2,900 (Self Extent)
$ 5,800 (Family Insurance)
These limits are set by the US Parliament with and they are indexed for inflation. For individuals over the age of 55 there is a special provision that allows them to deposit an additional $ 800 for 2008 and $ 900 for 2009. The actual maximum amount of an individual may also contribute to how many months it is covered by HDHP (for highest ratings) from the first day of the month. For example, if you have a family HDHP review from 1,2008 January to 30th of June 2008, then stop having HDHP coverage, you are allowed HSA contribution 6/12 of $ 5,800, or $ 2,900 for 2008. If you have family HDHP coverage from 1,2008 January to 30 June 2008 and have an independent HDHP coverage from July 1, 2008 to December 31, 2008, it is allowed to submit an HSA contribution of 6/12 x 5,800 kr. plus 6/12 $ 2,900, or $ 4,350 for 2008. If an individual opens HDHP on the first day of a month, he can contribute to HSA on the first day of his / her own. However, if he opens an account on a day other than the first, he can contribute to HSA from the next few months. Contribution can be made late and 15th of April next year. Contributions to HSA excess contribution limits shall be deducted from the individual or subject to excise duty. An individual must pay income tax due to excess allowance.
Employer can submit a contribution to the employee with HEIM account according to a wage increase plan called Article 125. Program. It is also called a canteen plan. The contributions made under the cafeteria program are made on the basis of taxation, ie. they are excluded from the employee's income. The employer must make the contribution in a comparable manner. Similar contributions are contributions to all HSAs employers who are 1) the same amount or 2) the same percentage of annual deductible. However, part-time employees who work for less than 30 hours a week may be treated separately. The employer can also classify employees in those who choose self-sufficiency and those who opt for family coverage. Employers can automatically make contributions to HSA on behalf of employees unless an employee specifically decides not to receive such employer contributions.
HSA is owned by the employee and he / she can make the appropriate cost of that when necessary. He / she also decides how much to contribute, how much should be spent on increased spending, which company will keep the account and what types of investments will be made to grow the account. Another feature is that the funds remain in the account and function over the years. It does not use it or lose it rules. HSA participants do not need to obtain prior approval by the HSA Trustee or their healthcare institution to take funds and the funds are not taxable if they are eligible for healthcare and # 39; Medical insurance charges include costs for services and items covered by the health plan, but subject to cost sharing, such as deductions and co-operation, or payments, as well as many other non-medical expenses such as dental care, vision and chiropractic care; durable medical devices such as eyelets and hearing aids; and transportation costs associated with medical care. Nonprescription, over-the-counter drugs are also eligible. However, medical expenses must be increased due to or after the HSA was established.
Tax-free distribution can be obtained from HSA for reasonable medical costs of individuals covered by HDHP, spouse (even if subjected) of the individual and any person (even covered) of the individual. 12 HSA You can also use an account to pay an increase in the previous year, subject to the condition that the cost was incurred after the HSA was installed. An individual must keep the receipts for HSA expenses, as it may be necessary to prove that HSA audits have been made at reasonable medical costs and not used otherwise. Alternatively, an individual may need to produce receipts for the insurance company to prove that the deductible limit has been met. If withdrawal is made due to unfair medical expenses, the amount is taxable (it is added to the individual income) and is also subject to an additional 10 percent penalty. Usually you can not use the money to pay health insurance. However, exceptions are allowed under certain circumstances.
These are –
1) to pay for health care coverage while you receive federal or state unemployment benefits.
2) COBRA renewal coverage by lease agreement with a company providing health insurance.
3) Qualifying long-term insurance.
4) Pension expenses and expenses, including deductible, parallel payments and insurance companies: Part A (Hospital and Nursing Services), B (Physician and Outpatient Services), C (Medicare HMO and PPO) Programs and Part D (prescription drug).
If an individual dies, becomes inactive or near the age of 65, health records are considered exempt from income tax and an additional 10 percent penalty is irrevocable for the purpose of retrieving them. There are different ways in which funds can be withdrawn from HSAs. Some HSAs provide account holders with debit cards, some with surveillance and some have the option of a refund process that resembles health insurance.
Ever since health records came into existence in January 2004, there has been a magnificent growth in their number. From about 1 million krónur in March 2005, the number has grown to 6.1 million krónur in January 2008.14 This is an increase of 1.6 million from January 2007, 2.9 million from January 2006 and 5.1 million since March 2005. This growth has been visible over all segments. Growth in large groups and small groups, however, has been much higher than in individual classes. According to the US Ministry of Finance, the number of HSA policyholders will increase by 14 million in 2010. This 14 million policy will provide about 25-30 million Americans.
In the individual market, 1.5 million people under HSA / HDHPs were purchased as of January 2008. Based on a number of confidential lives, 27 percent of newly created individual appointments (defined as those bought in the last full month or quarter) were surrounded in HSA / HDHP coverage. In a small group market, the listing is 1.8 million from January 2008. In this group, 31 percent of all new participants in the HSA / HDHP category were. The largest group had the largest check-in of 2.8 million kronor from January 2008. In this segment, six percent of all new episodes in the HSA / HDHP category were.
Benefits of HSAs
HSAs advocates provide some benefits from them. First and foremost, it is believed that since they have a high deduction threshold, the insured will be more aware of their health. Also, they will be more cost conscious. High deduction benefits will encourage people to be better at health and healthcare, enabling them to shop and be more alert to healthcare surgeons. This is believed to reduce the rising costs of health care and increase the efficiency of the healthcare system in the United States. HSA-approved programs generally provide assistance tools that, to some extent, include information on the cost of healthcare and the quality of healthcare professionals. Experts suggest that reliable information on the costs of certain healthcare services and the quality of certain healthcare professionals would help them actively participate in making healthcare decisions. These tools may be provided by healthcare providers to all health insurance plans, but they are likely to be more important to participate in programs that are in line with HSA, which have greater financial incentives to make informed decisions about the quality and cost of healthcare professionals and services.
It is thought that lower premiums associated with HSAs / HDHPs allow people to enroll in health insurance. This means that lower income categories, which do not have access to doctors, can open HSAs. Undoubtedly, higher deductions related to HSA are eligible for HDHP, but HSA tax rates and lower premiums are expected to make them cheaper than other insurance plans. The funds set in the HSA can be switched from year to year. It does not use it or lose it rules. This leads to growth in account savings. You can collect funds tax-free for future medical expenses if the holder wishes. Also, HSA savings can grow with investments.
The nature of such investments is determined by the insured. Income from savings in HSA is also exempt from income tax. The holder can revoke his savings in HSA after being 65 years old without paying taxes or penalties. The account holder has full control of his account. He / she is the owner of the account from the beginning. A person can withdraw money as necessary without side guard. Also, the owner decides how much to spend on his account, how much to spend and how much to save for the future. HSAs are portable in nature. This means that if a holder changes his job, becomes unemployed or moves to another place, he / she can proceed with the account.
Also, if the accountant so requests, he may transfer his health bill from one management institution to another. Such portability is the advantage of HSAs. Another advantage is that most HSA plans provide coverage of the first dollar for prevention. This applies to all HSA plans offered by large employers and over 95% of programs offered by small employers. It was also true for more than half (59%) programs purchased by individuals.
All programs offer outstanding first-rate benefits including annual workouts, immunization, bust and heartburn, mammograms and Pap tests; 90% had prostate cancer and 80% had cancer in the colon. Some experts believe that HSAs are more beneficial for young and healthy as they do not have to pay a lot of laundry costs. On the other hand, they have to pay lower premiums for HDHP that help them meet unforeseen unforeseen.
Health savings banks are also beneficial for employers. The benefit of choosing a health insurance account for a traditional health insurance agreement can directly affect the bottom of the employer's pension fund. For example, health accounts are subject to a high deduction insurance certificate that reduces employee contribution contributions. Also, all contributions to the healthcare bill are taxed beforehand, thus reducing gross payroll and reducing the amount of taxes that the employer has to pay.
Criticism of HSAs
Opponents of health bills claim that they would harm more than good in the healthcare system of the United States. Some consumer organizations, such as consumer organizations and numerous medical institutions, such as the American Public Health Association, have corrected HSA because they think they only benefit healthy young people and make healthcare more expensive for everyone else. According to Stanford economist Victor Fuchs, "The main impact of putting more of it on consumers is to reduce social redistribution factors.
Some others believe that HSAs remove healthy people from the insurance fund, which causes premiums to increase any remaining HSAs encourage people to look out for themselves more and spread the risk of less. Another concern is that the money saved by people in HSA will be allocated. Some people think that HSAs do not allow enough savings to cover costs. Whoever extends the maximum and never taking money out would not be able to cope with retirement clinics if inflation continues in healthcare.
HSA's opponents also include famous figures such as insurance chief executive John Garamendi, who called the "dangerous prescription" that will instability the clinic and do the worse for the uninsured. Another criticism I s that they benefit the rich more than the poor. Those who earn more will be able to get bigger tax evasion than those who earn less. Critics point out that higher deductions, together with social security contributions, will take a large part of the income of the low income categories. Also, lower income categories will not benefit from tax evasion as they are already paying little or no taxes. On the other hand, tax breaks on HSA's savings and on additional income from those HSA savings will cost billions of dollars tax money in chess.
The Treasury has estimated HSAs would cost the government 156 billion US dollars per decade. Critics say that this could increase significantly. A few surveys have been made regarding HSA's activity, and some have found that accountants are not particularly pleased with the HSA system, and many are even unaware of working HSAs. One such survey conducted by US employees in 2007 by Towers Perrin, a consultant, showed satisfaction with an accounting health plan (ABHP). People were not happy with them generally compared to people with traditional health care. Respondents said they were not happy with the risk and did not understand how it works.
According to the Commonwealth Fund, early experience of appropriate high-deductible health plans has shown little satisfaction, high budget and cost-related access issues. Another survey conducted by the Human Resources Laboratory stated that people who participated in HSA-appropriate high-deductible health plans were much less pleased with various aspects of healthcare than adults in wider programs. People in these programs allocate basic income to their healthcare, especially those who have poorer health or lower income. The survey also found that adults in high-deductible health plans are much more likely to delay or prevent the need for care or omission of medicines because of costs. Problems are particularly noticeable among those with poorer health or reduced import.
Politicians have also been a singer for their criticism of the HSA. Minister John Conyers, Jr., published the following statement to the HSA: "The president of the health plan is not about getting unsecured, making health insurance affordable or even reducing the cost of healthcare. Tax benefits to the wealthy and increasing profits of banks and financial intermediaries. Inaccessible. "The fact of the US Government's Office, published April 1, 2008, states that the rate of entry into HSA is higher for higher income than for lower income ones.
A study called "Health savings bank accounts and high deductible health plans: Are they benefits for pensioners?" Following Catherine Hoffman and Jennifer Tolbert, sponsored by the Kaiser Family Foundation, the following key issues regarding HSAs were reported:
(a) Premium health insurance plans may be lower than traditional insurance, but these plans bring more financial risk to individuals and families with a higher deduction.
b) Expenses and expenses for HSA qualifying health plans would spend a significant part of the low income budget budget.
c) Most income individuals and families do not face significant taxable profits in a significant way from HSA's depreciation.
d) People with chronic illnesses, disabilities and others who have cost-effective needs can be more cost-effective than according to the HSA health plan.
e) Cost sharing reduces the use of health services, in particular basic and preventive services, and low income and those who are weaker are particularly vulnerable to cost ratios.
f) Health accounts and high deduction plans are unilaterally increasing the insurance amount significantly among unsecured persons.
Choosing a Health Plan
Notwithstanding the option offered by HSA, it may not be suitable for everyone. While choosing an insurance plan, an individual needs to consider the following elements:
1. The premiums to be paid.
2. Discussion / benefits available under the scheme.
3. Various exclusions and limitations.
5. Calculation costs such as collateral, parallel and deductions.
6. Access to doctors, hospitals and other persons.
7. How much and sometimes how do you pay care?
8. Each current health problem or physical disability.
9. Type of savings available.
The plan you choose should be in accordance with your requirements and financial skills.
1 Health Insurance Questions – Consumer Guidelines issued by the United Nations Health Care and Health Organization (AHRQ) and United Nations Health Program (AHIP)
2 http: // www .en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_savings_account
3 2002 AHIP Survey of Health Insurance Plans
4 "How Highly Effective is the Effect of Highly Recommended Health Programs" Davis Karen; Michelle Doty and Alice Ho. The Commonwealth Fund, April 2005
6 HSA / HDHP CENSUS 2008 by Hannah Yoo, Center For Policy and Research, US Health Insurance Schemes
7 "SAFETY ACCOUNT Early Check-In Certificate with Accounts and Proper Health Programs" John E. Dicken Director of Health Care.
8 Thomas Wilder and Hannah Yoo, "A Survey of Preventive Benefits in the Health Savings Account (HSA) Plan, July 2007," United States Health Insurance Plans, November 2007
9 Gladwell, Malcolm, "The Moral Hazard Myth" , New Yorker (29-08-2005)
10 2008 HAS Bank
Quotation Agreement 11. Employer Health Benefit 2007 Annual Survey, Kaiser Family Foundation
12. Health Savings Bank and High Tax deductible Health plans: Are they benefits for pensioners? Catherine Hoffman and Jennifer Tolbert for the Kaiser Family Foundation, October 2006
13. Medicare Prescription Drug, Reform and Modernization Act of 2003