History of Strength and Efficiency

Early reports on Vocational Training come back to 3600 BC. when Chinese emperors did their daily exercise daily (Webster 1976). During the Chou Dynasty, individuals had to apply gravity before entering the army. There are a lot of clues that refer to weight training was part of life in Greece and India. Indeed, the Greeks built numerous sculptures of people who lifted the weight of the stone.

Numerous system elements have been submitted over the years. Collecting experiences and different philosophies has led us to the current training methods used today. Keep in mind; Many sources have been very different from the original purpose of strength and condition. Difficult practice and dedication formed the basis of previous training methods. Today, the opposite has taken place in many settings like easy work and quick fix forming the basis of most of the rules.

In the 16th century in Europe, books on weight training took over. Thomas Thomas Elyot's book of material was published in England in 1531. Joachim Camerius, associate professor at Leipzig University, wrote several books in 1544 and said that weight training was a key element in the model school. John Paugh published a book in 1728 called A Physiological, Theoretical and Practical Essay on Utility on Muscle Exercise to restore the extremity of the limbs, which pointed to the benefits of weight training for rehab purposes. In the 1860's Archibald Maclaren, the first formal system featured a workout with weights and straps for the British Army.

The performers and strong entertainers of the 19th century contributed greatly to the methods used today in the gym and the sports industry. From extensive research the iron game historian David Webster units Italian circus and showroom, Felice Napoli as the one who popularized strongman performances internationally. Judges Napoli are Professor Attila (Louis Durlacher) and Eugen Sandow (Frederick Muller). Attila became well-known and attracted some of the world's best known physical culture and many rulers in Europe. His list of students including King George of Greece, King Edward of England, Crown Prince Frederick who became King of Haakon Norway, Six Children of Kingdom of Denmark, Queen of Alexandra England's Queen, Princess Dagmar (Emperor of Russia and her Mother Tsar Nicholas) and Duke of Cumberland .

At the time of training there were wealthy highly respected jobs. We have what we call personal mentors today. Current protocols used by primary coaches today are far from the original theory and benefits provided by the mentors. The fame and fame of the mentors of these days was the result of public disclosures of unusual physical results. These events were often attended by royalty and were very pleased for the presentation of physical well-being.

Eugen Sandow, born in Koningsberg in east Russia in 1867, was registered for his teachings by presidents and executives from all over the world. Nine kings and queens and many rulers in Europe, as well as US President William Taft and Woodrow Wilson, agreed to Sandow's book Life's Movement. Sandow was well-sponsored and chairman of the gym and health board. He emphasized that physical education and sport should be an integral part of the school system. He also played the world lectures and promoting physical culture as a way to improve quality of life.

Most authorities acknowledge Sandow as one of the most important figures in the talent group, and his history shows that the modern phenomenon of scientific fitness training is not an innovation. Sandow introduced the importance of strength and skills as a cornerstone of fitness. About half a century later, Kenneth Cooper claimed to be fit for the first time, was subject to ventilation. About 25 years later, an important role of training has been recognized by scholars.

In Russia at the same time, Vladislav Krayevsky founded St. Petersburg the St. Petersburg Conservation Society (1885). Many acclaimed scientists, athletes; artists became his students, including famous sponsor George Hackenschmidt, who demanded Krayevsky for teaching him all he knew. Hackenschmidt mentions in his book The Way To Live that some of the world's strongest men of age, including Sandow, were trained using the Krayevsky system.

The work of Krayevsky and the popularity of his students had a major impact on gravity in Russia. Not only was he sent a teacher, but he also achieved significant figures in the barbell itself. He was president of the jury in the first World Cup in Vienna in 1898.

Krayevsky wrote his two basic work in the period 1896-1899. The publication was titled The Catechism Health Rules for athletes and the development of physical strength with Kettlebells and without Kettlebells. The Katechism Health Rules for Athletes were sent to the press on December 9, 1899, but was never published and is now preserved in a script. His second book was published in 1900 and printed three times back (1902, 1909, 1916) after his death (1901).

Krayevsky was well researched about the history of physical culture and all kinds of gymnastics. He was knowledgeable about Swedish gymnastics and pointed to medical benefits, but his concern about the lack of scientific information from the Swedish system led him to hire investigators to investigate.

Many recommendations Krayevsky are still used today. His recommendations include medical fitness of the Athlete health, continuous training and different stress patterns, full physical development, psychological development and avoiding smoking and alcohol.

Entrepreneurs initially developed a variety of training equipment, including cables, kettlebells, barbells, plots, weird bars, thick grips, weighted boots, insulators and various throwing devices. Yet 50 years later, numerous people claim to have invented this machine. In today's industry, many systems and people are introducing their new systems, which are not new ones.

The development of different scientific and educational institutions is divided between the West and the East, where the presentation of physical activity was unclear. In the years after World War II, Russia and Europe continued to promote various aspects of physical strength, power and skills while the West first introduced animations. Kenneth Cooper's book Aerobics was popular at the time as well as Swedish exercise training. According to Cooper and the Swedish scientists, heart disease and general health were primarily due to prolonged endurance. Supporters of perseverance teach great protection training. Cooper said world strength training introduced a beautiful body but did nothing for health.

During the same era of aerobic craze wild wild in western Russia and eastern Europeans gathered international information on strength and sport training while developing comprehensive education plans to present their findings. Most schools offered gravity and within a few decades there were about 1 million weightlifters in the Soviet Union. Strength training became a key component of all training programs in the Soviet Union, but Western beliefs were that weight training would slow down athletes and limit their muscular dynamics. As a result, Russians attacked the Olympics, especially at the Olympic Games, at the same time as the aerial theory was formed in the West.

The government has often been traced for the use of anabolic androgen drugs, but the sports method of these drugs was first introduced by the West. It is probably more accurate to say that the East ruled because of its special strengths and understanding of comprehensive sports facilities. On the topic of drug use, no one uses more drugs than pro bodybuilding, which are mostly Americans.

In the West, the majority of athletes, coaches, scholars and coaches are still ill-informed in terms of fitness and sporting facilities. The air pressure obsession still prevails in most cases, but this makes up a minor fitness. All that has to do is research the science and enough evidence that supports numerous health and talent benefits from proper strength training to realize its importance.


Siff, MC (2000) Supertraining. Mel Siff.

Copyright 2005 Jamie Hale


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