Information Technology (ICT) – Definition, Pros and Cons

This article will introduce you to the definition, advantages and disadvantages of information technology (ICT). It is important for you to read carefully to understand the basics of information technology (ICT).

The Definition

Information Technology (IT) or Information Technology (IT) abbreviated for the use of computer and telecommunications technology and tools for producing, working, storing, transmitting and reliably downloading information.

Information Technology

These are tools or gadgets used to find, explore and exchange information. They are the following devices: –

• Computers – desktop computers, laptops, handbags, PDAs, main applications
• Telephones
• Mobile phones (GSM)
• Fax machines
• Television sets
] • Satellite
• Internet

Advantages of Information Technology

The following are the benefits of information technology (ICT):
1. It provides timely, better and cheaper access to knowledge and information.
2. It speeds up business, production and management processes.
3. Information technology has made it possible for people around the world to access the internet in a new and exciting way.
4. Trading and trading have moved closer with IT tools.
5. It provides a very reliable, flexible, quick and accurate way to share information in the present.
6. It provides job opportunities and opens up new practices for people around the world.
7. It is also one of the best means of publishing instruction in schools.

Disadvantages of Information Technology

Despite its many benefits, IT has some boundaries, including: –

1. Unemployment: An e-mail program in offices can cut down some jobs that manuals and tasks are automated.
2. Cost: Information technology components and tools can be expensive and unaffordable to the public.
3. Losses on social bonds: The introduction of information technology in all areas of life restricts personal human relations and physical relationships, as more jobs and communication are based on the Internet.
4. Crime: Information technology can lead to increased crime. People are betrayed online. Cyber ​​crimes such as identity theft, credit card scams, system hacking and piracy are on the rise. The Internet is the flood of criminals who are hacked, such as hackers, perverts, and stalkers.
5. Abuse: This is another flaw in information technology. Some examples include pornography (especially child pornography), plagiarism, networking, e-mail spam, etc.
6. Addiction: The use of information technology is addictive. Alternative users can find online expenses online. This behavior can lead to stress and other health complications.

Many parents also believe that the most common harmful effects of information technology may involve contacting the child with aggressive or inappropriate content, causing their physical health (visual impairment, stiffness, spinal cord injury) due to prolonged sitting in front of a computer, obesity and loss of contact with the real world that leads to addiction. In addition, emphasizing all the positive effects are the acquisition of new knowledge and skills that the child can benefit from in IT for future work. Parents who believe the use of information technology is harmful but beneficial to their child; argue by asserting their views that a four-year-old child is too young to be affected by information technology.


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